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Ivo Andric

1892 - 1975

Literature - Nobel Prize 1961

Ivo Andrić ( Dolac , municipality of Travnik Bosnia , October 9 of 1892 - Belgrade , March 13 of 1975 ) was a writer Yugoslav who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1961 "for the epic force with which reflected issues and described human destinies of their country's history. "

Ivo Andrić was born on October 9, 1892 in Lašvi na Dolac near Travnik in Bosnia-Herzegovina , then part of the Ottoman Empire . His parents, Antun and Katarina Andrić Andrić (nee Pejic), were Catholics and residing in Sarajevo : the birth of his son was in Dolac because they were visiting relatives. Andrić was baptized with the name of Ivan, whose diminutive Ivo be known. His father died when the future author was only two years old and her mother lacked the resources to maintain it, was brought up by his mother's family in Višegrad , along the river Drina , where they will find the famous Ottoman bridge Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic then would give title to one of his most famous novels, a bridge over the Drina .

He did his secondary studies in Sarajevo. He started writing poetry during his high school senior season: his first poem, "U Sumrak" ("In the twilight") appeared in 1911 in the journal Bosanska vila . Also from this period, Andrić, advocate of independence from Yugoslavia, became a member of the progressive nationalist movement "Mlada Bosna" ("Young Bosnia"). He studied at the universities of Zagreb , Vienna and Krakow .

During the First World War he was arrested by the Austrian authorities because of his political activities revolutionary Šibenik first, and then in Maribor , where he remained until March 1915. After his release, he was confined in Ovčarevo and Zenica. He remained there until the summer of 1917, when it had to be admitted to the Hospital of the Sisters of Charity of Zagreb because of a lung disease. When proclaiming a general amnesty, actively participated in the preparation of the journal Književni jug ("Southern Literary") and published his book of prose poems Ex-ponto , describing life as a big prison dominated by fear, suffering and loneliness.

Following the creation in 1918 of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes , Andrić became a civil servant. In 1919 he started working at the Ministry of Religion in Belgrade , actively participating in the literary life of the city, meeting with writers like Crnjanski , Vinaver , Pandurović and Sibe Milicic Moskva in the cafeteria. In 1920 he began a successful diplomatic career. He was sent on to the Yugoslav diplomatic missions in the Vatican (1921), Bucharest (1921), Trieste (1922) and Graz (1923). Why not neglected literature: in 1920 saw the birth of a new book of prose poems, entitled Nemiri ("Problems") and a story, Allie Djerzeleza Put ("The Journey of Ali Djerzelez"). In 1922 published in journals other short stories, including "Za logorovanja" ("In the camp") and "Zena od Kosti slonove" ("Women ivory").

During his diplomatic mission in Graz, he completed his studies, he had not reached a conclusion because of the war, in June 1924 and a Ph.D. in philosophy with a thesis on "The Development of Spiritual Life in Bosnia under the influence of Ottoman government. " Then he was sent to Belgrade, and that same year he published his first volume of short stories.

In 1926 he joined the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, on the recommendation of Bogdan Popović and Slobodan Jovanović . His next destinations were diplomats Marseille (in 1926), Paris , Madrid (1928) and Geneva (1930).

Andrić entered the diplomatic service of Yugoslavia , where he held various positions, including ambassador to Germany . At the outbreak of World War II , in 1941, resigned and returned to Belgrade permanently.

During World War II he wrote three novels: The Chronicle of Travnik , The young lady and a bridge over the Drina , which chronicles the life, customs and deeds of his native Bosnia and its people. In them, Andrić describes the history of Bosnia since its conquest by the Turks in 1389 , to the creation of the Yugoslav state , after 1919.

Although he lived in Rome , Bucharest , Madrid , Geneva and Berlin , was his home province, Bosnia , with its history, folklore and ethnic diversity, cultural and religious, which provided him with the themes found in his works. However, he considered himself a Yugoslav writer. Retreated from all public activity at the end of his life. He died on March 13 of 1975 in Belgrade , then capital of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (now the capital of the Republic of Serbia ).

When he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1961 , the committee praised in particular "the epic force" with which human destinies described affected by the history of his country, especially in his work A bridge over the Drina . To Magris, Andrić's narrative is rooted in a choral epic, but rescues individual life over time, which always deepens. His work, perhaps the best of Yugoslavia, expresses anonymous wisdom that mixes humor and tragedy fable. His posthumous Omer-paša Cans is an unfinished novel, about a renegade, who warns of the specter hovers fratricidal country.


Works

Put Allie Đerzeleza 1920 . Tr. Djerlez Alija's journey .
Na Drini Ćuprija 1945 . Tr. A bridge over the Drina , Pocket Ed, 2000, The pont on the Drina , Edicions 62, 1999, "A Bridge over the Drina" Rhino Publishing, 2007.
Gospođica 1945 . Tr. Mademoiselle , Pocket Ed, 2003.
Hronika Trávníčka 1945 . Tr. Chronicle of Travnik , Pocket Ed, 2003.
Prica or vezirovom slonu 1948 . Tr. Vizier's Elephant .
Avlija Prokleta 1954 . Tr. The damn place , Caralt, 1975.
Titanic Bife i Druge price . Tr. Titanic Café and Other Stories , The Cliff, 2008.
Omer-paša Latas , released in 1977 .


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