Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SAWYER, Leicester Ambrose, clergyman, born in Pinckney, New York, 28 July, 1807. He was graduated at Hamilton college in 1828, studied theology at Princeton for two years, and was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 1832. He was pastor of various churches in New York and Connecticut, and was president of Central college, Ohio, in 1842-'7. From his entrance into the ministry he devoted himself to the study of the Bible in the original tongues, and finally, abandoning the commonly received doctrine of the inspiration of the Scriptures, ha left the Presbyterian church in 1854, and until 1859 was pastor of a Congregational church in Westmoreland, New York Since 1860 he has resided at Whitesboro, New York, where he has engaged in literary work, and was for a time connected with the Utica "Morning Herald." He has published " Elements of Biblical Interpretation" (New Haven, 1836) ; "Mental Philosophy" (1839) ; "Moral Philosophy" (1845) : "Critical Exposition of Baptism" Columbus, Ohio, 1845); "Organic Christianity, or the Church of God" (1854) ; " Reconstruction of Biblical Theories, or Biblical Science improved" (1862): and " Final Theology, Vol. I. Introduction to the New Testament, Historic, Theologic, and Critical " (Whitesboro, New York, 1879). He also made a new translation of the New Testament (Boston, 1858), and his "American Bible," with critical studies, is now in course of publication in numbers (1860-'88).--His first cousin, Lorenzo, jurist, born in Le Ray. Jefferson County, New York, 21 May, 1820, worked on his father's farm in his youth, and, after removing to Pennsylvania and then to Ohio, finished his studies at Western Reserve college. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1846, and, after successive removals to Illinois and Wisconsin, went in 1850 to California, where he worked for some time in the mines, he settled in Sacramento in the practice of his profession, and, after a brief residence in Nevada, went, in 1853, to San Francisco, where he has since remained, He became city attorney in 1854, was appointed judge of the district court of the state in 1862, and in 1863 was elected a justice of Hw state supreme court, of which he was chief justice in 1868-'70. In the latter year he became United States circuit judge for the 9th circuit, embracing all the Pacific states. Judge Sawyer's decisions, both as a state and a Federal judge, have been highly commended. In 1877 Hamilton college gave him the degree of LL. D. He has delivered numerous public addresses, including one at the laying of the corner-stone of Leland Stanford, Junior, university, 14 Nay, 1887, of whose board of trustees he was chosen president.
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