Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SMYTH, William, educator, born in Pittston, Kennebec County, Maine, in 1797; died in Brunswick, Maine, 3 April, 1868. During the last year of the Revolutionary war he served as quartermaster-sergeant, and he afterward taught a school at Wiscasset. He was graduated at Bowdoin in 1822, studied theology at Andover, and in 1825 was made adjunct professor of mathematics at Bowdoin, being appointed in 1828 to the full chair, which he held until his death. In 1845 he became adjunct professor of natural philosophy. He was the author of numerous valuable text-books, which had an extensive sale. These include "Elements of Algebra" (Brunswick, Maine, 1833); "Elementary Algebra for Schools" (1850) ; "Treatise on Algebra" (1852): " Trigonometry, Surveying, and Navigation " (1855) ; "Elements of Analytical Geometry" (1855) ; "Elements of the Differential and Integral Calculus" (1856; 2d ed., 1859) ; and "Lectures on Modern History," edited by Jared Sparks (Boston. 1849).--His son, Egbert Coffin, clergyman, born in Brunswick, Maine, 24 August, 1829, was graduated at Bowdoin in 1848 and at Bangor theological seminary in 1853. He was professor of rhetoric at Bowdoin in 1854-'6, and of natural and revealed religion from 1856 till 1863, since which time he has been professor of ecclesiastical history at Andover theological seminary. Since 1878 he has been also president of the faculty. Bowdoin gave him the degree of D.D. in 1866, and Harvard the same in 1886. He has edited the "Andover Review" since its foundation in 1884, and, in addition to pamphlet sermons and a lecture on the " Value of the Study of Church History in Ministerial Education "(1874), has published, with Professor William L. Ropes, a translation of Gerhard Uhlhorn's" Conflict of Christianity and Heathenism" (New York, 1879). --Another son, Samuel Phillips Newman, clergyman, born in Brunswick, Maine, 25 June, 1843, was graduated at Bowdoin in 1863, and began to study theology at Bangor. He then taught in the naval academy at Newport, Rhode Island, entered the military service as 1st lieutenant of a Maine regiment, became acting quartermaster, and commanded his company in the advance on the Weldon railroad, Virginia At the close of the war he resumed his theological studies, and after graduation at Andover in 1867 was pastor of a mission chapel in Providence, Rhode Island He was pastor of the 1st Congregational church in Bangor, Maine, in 1870-'5, and of the 1st Presbyterian church in Quincy, Illinois, in 1876-'82. Since 1882 he has had charge of the 1st Congregational church in New Haven, Connecticut The University of the city of New York gave him the degree of D. D. in 1881, and elected him professor of intellectual and moral philosophy, which chair he declined. He is the author of "The Religious Feeling, a Study for Faith" (New York, 1877); "Old Faiths in New Light" (1879) ; "The Orthodox Theology of To-Day" (1881); and a volume of sermons entitled " The Reality of Faith" (1884).
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