Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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WHARTON, Gabriel Caldwell, soldier, born in Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky, 13 June, 1839 ; died in Louisville, Kentucky, 22 February, 1887. He was the son of a farmer, and was educated at the public schools, the academy of his native town, and the law department of Louisville university. In 1860, at the age of twenty-one, he began the practice of law at Springfield with immediate success. The next year, at the opening of the civil war, he enlisted in the 10th Kentucky infantry in the United States volunteer army, and in November was commissioned major of that regiment. With the regiment, Major Wharton shared in the engagements and marches of the Army of the Cumberland, and in March, 1863, was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel. He commanded and bore a gallant part in the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge and the engagements of the Atlanta campaign in 1864, until, at the expiration of his three years' service, he was mustered out. He then resumed his law-practice at Louisville, and in 1866 was appointed assistant United States attorney for the district of Kentucky. On the appointment of Benjamin H. Bristow as secretary of the treasury, Colonel Wharton succeeded to the district attorneyship, holding that office for ten years. In 1880 he opened an office in Washington, and, after two years' practice there, spent some time in Mexico in the interest of a railroad company. Returning, after a year's absence, he resided in New York city, where he soon had a lucrative practice. He was on a visit to Louisville when he died while alone in his room at a hotel.
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