Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MEANS, John Hugh, governor of South Carolina, born in Fairfield district, South Carolina, 18 August, 1812; died in Manassas, Virginia, 28 August, 1862. His father, Thomas. was a native of Boston, Massachusetts The son was graduated at South Carolina college in 1832, after which he engaged in planting, His advocacy of state sovereignty brought him into notice, and he served in the legislature during the agitation regarding state rights. He was elected governor of South Carolina in 1850 and served one term, the constitution of the state forbidding re-election. During his administration he made many speeches favoring secession, and gave much attention to the state militia. He was president of the convention of 1852 which passed a resolution that affirmed the right of the state to dissolve at once all political connection with her co-states and that she forbear the exercise of this manifest right of self-government from considerations of expediency only. He then retired to private life, but was a delegate to the convention of 1860, affixing his name to the ordinance of secession. He was elected colonel of the 17th South Carolina regiment, and was killed in the second battle of Bull Run, 28 August, 1862.
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