Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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WARD, Levi, physician, born in East Guilford (now Madison), Connecticut, 29 July, 1771; died in Rochester, New York, 4 January, 1861. He was educated at, Yale, leaving college to pursue the study of medicine in East Guilford. After completing his professional studies he removed to Haddam, Connecticut, and practised there for seventeen years. In 1807 he emigrated to Bergen, Genesee County, New York, where he managed a large tract of land as agent for the state of Connecticut. He established mail routes, and carried on mercantile business at various points, besides practising medicine, and in 1817 removed to Rochester, where he became president of the first savings bank, and also of the Rochester bank, and was active in enterprises for religious and public objects and in commercial affairs.--His son, Ferdinand de Wilton, missionary, born in Bergen, Genesee County, New York, 9 July, 1812, was graduated at Union in 1831 and at Princeton theological seminary in 1834, and preached at Albion, New York, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania He was ordained as an evangelist in Rochester, New York, on 31 August, 1836, and departed as a missionary of the American board of commissioners for foreign missions to Madura, whence he went to Madras, India, and remained until 1847, laboring with success as a teacher of Christianity, publishing several volumes in Tamil, and editing the first periodical in advocacy of abstinence from intoxicating liquors that was printed in a Hindu language. After returning to the United States he acted for a year as agent for the missionary board in western New York, was stated supply in Rochester in 1849, and then served as pastor of Presbyterian churches in Geneseo, New York, till 1861, when he went with the army as chaplain of the 104th New York volunteers, and was at the second battle of Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. After the close of the civil war he returned to his former church in Geneseo, resigning in 1871, and acting during the succeeding four years as district secretary of the American Bible society. Dr. Ward, who received his degree of D. D. from Washington college in 1861, is the author of many historical and literary pamphlets, and has published in book-form "India and the Hindus" (New York, 1850); " A Christian Gift, or Pastoral Letters" (Rochester, 1852); and "Summer Vacation Abroad" (1854).--Levi's grandson, Henry Augustus, naturalist, born in Rochester, New York, 9 March, 1834, was educated at Williams college and at the Lawrence scientific school of Harvard, where he became assistant to Louis Agassiz in the Museum of comparative zoology. He went to Europe in 1854, studied zoology in Paris and mineralogy in Freiberg, and then travelled through Palestine, Egypt, Nubia, and Arabia, down the west coast of Africa from Morocco to Guinea, and up Niger river. He has visited the West Indies and Central America, and as a mining engineer in the cause of gold-mining investigations has crossed the American continent ten times at different places. From 1860 till 1875 he was professor of natural sciences in the University of Rochester, and in 1861 he received the degree of A. M. from Williams. Meanwhile he established in Rochester a laboratory for the production of fac-similes of fossils that he had copied from the great museums of the world. From this he has developed a natural-science establishment, which makes a specialty of obtaining and compiling systematic cabinets in any department of nature for institutions of learning and public museums. For this purpose he has travelled extensively, and has representatives in all parts of the globe gathering specimens of everything that is rare and curious in natural history. His aim in this work has been to give system and exactitude to scientific teaching in America. Eighty of his cabinets, having an average value of $6,000 each, are distributed through nearly every state in the Union. Taxidermy plays an important part in his business, and his representations of animal forms are famous. His best-known work of this character is the elephant Jumbo, whose stuffed effigy, mounted by him, is now in Barnum's museum at Tufts college, and the skeleton, carefully prepared, is at, the National museum in Washington, D.C. The Ward cabinets of mineralogy and geology collected by him fill fourteen rooms in the University of Rochester, and he has made an extensive collection in modern zoology. In 1871 he was naturalist of the United States expedition to Santo Domingo. Professor Ward has been elected a fellow of the geological and zoological societies of London, has been a fellow of the American association for the advancement of sciences since 1875, and is a member of other scientific societies. In addition to his series of catalogues, which contain valuable notes on the articles that are described therein, he has published "Notice of the Megatherium Cuvieri " (Rochester, 1863) and "Description of the most Celebrated Fossil Animals in the Royal Museums of Europe" (1866).
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