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Fauvism

1898-1908

Fauvism - A Stan Klos Website

by: Neal McLaughlin

" Sticks and stones will break my bones..." At some point during our childhood we have all been exposed to this adage that infers, despite the horrible and offending names that we are called, they will never cause us any physical damage.

As children, it is difficult to comprehend the wisdom behind this sage advice. As we mature into adulthood we begin to understand the comfort that is hidden with in this wise saying. Although we may not appreciate the spitefulness behind the carelessly flung words we realize that we are left with little recourse.

We can either choose to let these names and their negative connotations debilitate our ambitions and goals, or we can accept the insult, as did Henri Matisse, or adapt it in such a way that it becomes a term of endearment.

Henri Matisse (1896-1954), after completing his formal art education at the Ecole des Beaux, moved to Paris where he and painter Albert Marquet (1875-1947) established an art studio next to the Seine River. It was during his tenure in France that he became a student of artist Gustave Moreau, who unlike many instructors at this time, not only side-lined the traditional academic values, but encouraged his students to do the same by relying upon their imaginations instead of imitation when creating their art.

Matisse, in search of a more expressive form of painting, carefully examined the works of Postimpressionists Paul Gaugin (1848-1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and Georges Seurat (1859-1891). Once he had an understanding of their applied principles and techniques he decided to throw aside the traditional methods of three-dimensional space for a more carefree depiction based on the movement of broad-brush strokes and vibrant color patches.

Fauvism, although an art movement in the sense that Matisse and his friends Maurice de Vlaminck (1876-1958) and Andre Derain (1880-1954) all shared the same ambitions and energies, would never actually become a school. As each of these artists, along with colleagues Keens van Dongen (1877-1968), Georges Braque (1882-1963) and Othon Friesz (1879-1949) would eventually separate to pursue newer movements a more personal style.

Rejecting the soft tone colors of the Impressionists and the dainty stroke applications of the Neo-Impressionists, the Fauvists were in favor of applying their bold, untouched colors to their canvases in broad, rough strokes that on many occasions would distort their subject.

The first of many Avent Garde movements established in twentieth-century art, the principles of Fauvism permitted the artists the freedom to think outside of the traditional academic structure. By permitting the artists the luxury of freethinking they were able to create paintings of interpretations instead of an imitation of the actual subject matter.

In addition to their new and radical techniques, The Fauvist's disregard of the traditional principles and methods were a shock to those who came to the 1905 exhibition at the Salon d' Automne (Autumn Salon). It was during this first exhibition that art critic Louis Vauxcelles had tossed the first "sticks and stones."

Upon seeing many of the Fauvist's paintings displayed around a conventional sculpture, he allegedly commented that "it was like a Donatello among the wild beast." In an attempt to discredit the movement, Vauxcelles's comment was then browbeaten by many other outraged critics to describe the paintings done by the Fauvist's.

Despite the negative connotation of the word Fauvism, Matisse and his band of artisans cheerfully accepted the term of "wild beasts" and continued to shock the art world with their interpretations through the use of vibrant colors and a somewhat "clumsy" and spontaneous style.

Even though Matisse and many of his followers had been tinkering with Fauvism since early 1896 it did not become an officially accepted art movement until the 1905 Autumn Salon exhibition; as the Post Impressionism period was beginning to fade.

By 1908, demands for the works of the somewhat radical style of the Fauvists had begun to diminish. While many of his friends and colleagues had moved onto more recent movements, Matisse continued to explore the possibilities of the Fauvism's principles and methods, but would later find himself pursuing newer avenues of self-expression.

Fauvism, despite its negative translation and its brief tenure, is today, recognized as having been influential to both the Cubism and the Modern Expressionism movement through its principles of disregarding natural forms and for its love of the energetic, unmixed colors.

Had Matisse and his peers allowed Mr. Vauxcelles remark to destroy their goals and ambitions it is within the realm of belief that both the Cubism and the Modern Expressionism movements would have been doomed. Art is a subjective topic. What pleases the eye of one viewer may cause another to become angry. Regardless of the opinions of the patrons of the arts it is imperative that artists maintain the right to express themselves through what ever media and principles that is best suited to their current cause.

It may be true that "sticks and stones will break our bones." But as we have seen with the Fauvist's... "names will never hurt us."
 

Research Links

 

WebMuseum: Fauvism

Fauvism. Between 1901 and 1906 ... new styles. Fauvism was the first movement of this modern period, in which color ruled supreme. The advent ...

Fauvism: Artists and their Works

Artists by Movement: Fauvism. ... The artists most closely associated with Fauvism are Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Andre Derain, and Maurice de Vlaminck. ...

ArtLex on Fauvism

Fauvism and fauvists -- the art movement defined with images of their works from art history, great quotations, and links to other resources. Click Here. ...

Art Periods: FAUVISM

... Art Periods: FAUVISM. {foh'-vizm}. At ... By the time Matisse wrote his "Notes of a Painter" in 1908, the peak of Fauvism was over. Matisse ...

FAUVISM

FAUVISM. KEY DATES: 1905-1908. ... Although short-lived (1905-8), Fauvism was extremely influential in the evolution of 20th century art. REPRESENTATIVE ARTISTS:

Fauvism Art - Artists, Artworks and Biographies

Art History: Fauvism: (1898 - 1908) Coming ... Expressionists. The name Fauvism was taken from the French word the "fauves," meaning the wild beasts. ...

Fauvism artshop

Fauvism available art posters, limited edition graphics, photography, original paintings, sculpture, ceramics, twentieth century and contemporary art. ...

Sanford & A Lifetime of Color: Study Art

Glossary Term: Fauvism At the turn of the century a group of artists so shocked the public with their art that they were called "wild beasts" or "fauves", in ...

Art History > Fauvism in the Yahoo! Directory

Art History > Fauvism. ... CATEGORIES. Artists (8). SITE LISTINGS. Artcyclopedia: Fauvism - includes a concise definition and chronological listing of Fauvists. ...

fauvism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001

... 2001. fauvism. ... Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. ...

Fauvism

... Fauvism. ... The 20 th century's first expressionistic movement, Fauvism, inspired by Cezanne and led by Matisse, claimed to “celebrate nature through color”. ...

Art paintings on the web : Fauvism paintings

FAUVISM. ARTISTS. PAINTINGS. SITES. Albert Marquet, 1. -. ... Artchive Catherine's Fauvism -. Auguste Chabaud, 8. Fauvisme.net. Charles Camoin, 1. -. ...

fauvism on Encyclopedia.com

fauvism click here to track this topic Related: European Art. (fō´vĬzem) [Fr. ... 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990). ...

Global Gallery - Knowledge Center - Fauvism

... SEARCH FOR ART. power search. full artist lists. art movements. Knowledge Center - Home, fauvism [1899 - 1907] discover and explore art history. ...

Fauves (Fauvism)

Fauves (Fauvism). Madame Matisse (The Green Line), Matisse, 1905 The Open Window, Collioure, Matisse, 1905 Joy of Life, Matisse, 1905-06 ...

fauvism

... fauvism. Movement in modern French painting characterized by the use of very bold, vivid, pure colours. The name is a reference to ...

Mark Harden's Artchive: "Fauvism"

Click Here. Mark Harden's Artchive, The Artchive needs EVERYONE to help! If you enjoy this site, please click here to find out how ...

Fauvism 2

Andre Derain. Andre Derain was one of the Fauvists who used the brightest colours. He looked at the scene that he was painting and ...

Fauvism: Learn about art and the Fauvism art movement

Fauvism Art. What was the Fauvism art movement? Read our short art tutorial about Fauvism art and view Fauvism art prints. ...

Fauve Page

... Many historians recount the origin of Fauvism as the union of Derain and Vlaminck which began the School of Chatou. Here it was said that Fauve art was born. ...

Louis Valtat and the Fauvism

Louis Valtat. and the. Fauvism. Summary. Fauvism, the circumstances : In its 4 November 1905 issue, the magazine "L'Illustration ...

Fauvism and Cubism

ARTH 110. FAUVISM AND CUBISM. SLIDE LIST 24. ...

 

 


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