John, printer, born in Strabane, Ireland, in
1747; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 27 November, 1812. While a boy he went
to live with an uncle, William Dunlap, a printer and publisher in Philadelphia,
at the age of eighteen entered the business, and in November, 177I. began the
publication of the "Pennsylvania Packet." This paper was
changed into a daily in 1784, the first in the United States, and afterward
became the "North American and United States Gazette."
Dunlap was appointed printer to congress, and first printed the "Declaration
of Independence." He was an officer in the first troop of Philadelphia
cavalry, which became the body-guard of Washington at Trenton and Princeton. In
1780 he gave £4,000 to supply provisions to the Revolutionary army.
It was July 1776.Fighting between
the American colonists and the British forces had been going on for nearly a
year.The Continental Congress had
been meeting since June, wrestling with the question of independence.Finally, late in the afternoon on July 4th, 1776 twelve of the
thirteen colonies reached agreement to declare the new states as a free and
independent nation.New York was
the lone holdout.That evening John
Hancock ordered Philadelphia printer John
to print broadside copies of the agreed-upon declaration that was signed by him
as President and Charles Thomson as Secretary. John
is thought to have printed 200 Broadsides that July 4th evening which were
distributed to the members of Congress.
Today their are only 25 of these broadsides that are known to exist. The
original Declaration of Independence that was signed by John Hancock and Charles
Thomson on July 4, 1776 is lost. A Dunlap broadside - unsigned, as it is known,
recently sold for $8.14 million, the highest price ever achieved for an
object sold at an Internet auction. This copy was discovered in 1989 by a
man browsing in a flea market who purchased a painting for four dollars because
he was interested in the frame. Concealed in the backing of the frame was an
Original Dunlap Broadside of the Declaration of Independence.
The other copies of the Dunlap broadside known
to exist are dispersed among American and British institutions and private
owners. The following are the current locations of the copies.
National Archives, Washington, DC
Library of Congress, Washington, DC (two copies)
Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
Independence National Historic Park, Philadelphia
American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
New-York Historical Society
New York Public Library
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Chapin Library, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
Yale University, New Haven, CT
American Independence Museum, Exeter, NH
Maine Historical Society, Portland
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Chicago Historical Society
City of Dallas, City Hall
Visual Equities, Inc., Atlanta, GA
Washington, DC (private collector)
Public Record Office, United Kingdom (two copies)
not affiliated with the authors of these links nor responsible for each
John Dunlap (1747-1812). Image: caption follows [Constitution
of the United States]. In The Pennsylvania ...
John DUNLAP (29 Jan 1737/38 - )
... __ | |--John DUNLAP | | __ |__| |__ INDEX HTML created by GED2HTML
(8/20/97) on Mon Dec 29 19:57:57 1997. David DUNNING. BIRTH: 29 Sep 1747 ...
... including title deeds to Dunlap family property in Strabane, 1747-1803, the
of John Dunlap of Strabane, 1780; emigrant letters from John Dunlap and others
This is the first printed version of the Declaration
of Independence. Drafted for the most part by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration
of Independence justified breaking the colonial ties to Great Britain
by providing a basic philosophy of government and a list of grievances
against the Crown. John Dunlap of Philadelphia was the printer to the
Exhibit History: "American Originals," December
1995 - December 1996, National Archives Rotunda, Washington, DC, 624.0004.
Also reproduced in "Pages of History" (624.0038).
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