Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NORTH, William, soldier, born in Fort Frederick, Pemaquid, Maine, in 1755, ; died in New York city, 3 January. 1836. He was the son of John North, who commanded Fort Frederick, Maine, in 1751, and Fort St. George in Thomaston, Maine, in 1758. He entered the Revolutionary army in 1775, and served under Benedict Arnold in the unfortunate expedition to Canada in that year. He was appointed in May, 1777, captain in Henry Jackson's Massachusetts regiment, with which he participated in the battle of Monmouth. In 1779 he became aide-de-camp to Baron Steuben, whom he greatly aided in introducing his system of discipline in the Continental army. Later he accompanied Steuben to Virginia, participating in the campaigns in that colony, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. He was appointed by act of congress major in the 2d United States regiment on 20 October, 1786, and became adjutant-general of the army on 19 July, 1798, with the rank of brigadier-general, but was mustered out on 10 June, 1800. In March, 1812, he was again appointed adjutant-general of the United States army, but declined. Meanwhile he had served in the New York assembly, where he held the office of. speaker, and he was one of the first canal commissioners. He was chosen as a Federalist to the United States senate, serving from 21 May, 1789, till 3 March, 1799. The bulk of Baron Steuben's property was bequeathed to General North, who divided it among his military companions. General North was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He married Mary Duane, daughter of Judge James Duane.
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